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Handicrafts of Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh has a vivid variety of fascinating handicrafts. The folk paintings here depict several expressions and emotions and also portray the socio-cultural ambience of the people of the state. Bamboo crafts, wood works, bell metals and folk paintings are the major handicrafts produced here. The other varieties of handicrafts produced in Chhattisgarh include terracotta articles, wrought iron, cotton fabrics, etc.

Bamboo thickets are seen all over the state, in both the rural and the urban areas of the state of Chhattisgarh. The artisans here possess excellent craftsmanship, and produce beautiful and artistic bamboo products from bamboo thickets. Bamboo products come in wide varieties, and cater to the daily use as well as decoration purposes. Wall hangings, fishing traps, agricultural implements, tables and chairs, hunting tools, baskets, table lamps, table mats, etc. are all produced from bamboo, by the artisans here. Bamboo works truly can be termed as the heart of handicrafts of Chhattisgarh.

Wood works or wood carving is an ancient art, practiced in Chhattisgarh from ages unknown. Wood is carved meticulously to whip up beautiful wooden artifacts. Previously, images of goddesses, gods and deities were carved in wood to pay them homage. Today, doors, windows, lintels, ceilings, etc. are carved in wood and are quite popular all over. Shisam, teak, sal, dhudi, kikar, etc. are the different varieties of woods used in this form of art. Wood work lends an even more beautiful touch to the already beautiful handicrafts of Chhattisgarh.

Bell metals are made manually with the vanishing wax technique. Several handicrafts are produced with the aid of this technique. They come in shapes of gods and deities, horses, lions, elephants, deer, etc. These handicraft items are mainly produced in Bastar and are exported to various places all over. Wrought iron work uses techniques which are quite similar to bell metals work. This art form depicts expressions and nuances from the day-to-day life of the tribes.

Paintings are perhaps the most expressive of the handicrafts of Chhattisgarh, which aesthetically encapsulates the various facets of life of these Chhattisgarh tribes. Pithora paintings are the most common paintings in the tribal areas of the state. These paintings are usually made during childbirth, marriages, and other occasions of wish fulfillment. They are found in most of the tribal homes and generally comprise of a horse, which is considered auspicious in most of the communities in Chhattisgarh.

Terracotta works using clay from the beds of river Indravati are quite common in Chhattisgarh. Clay is molded in several shapes to produce terracotta items. Ornaments made of cowries, beads, feathers, gold, silver, etc. are made all over Chhattisgarh.

Cotton fabrics produced in Chhattisgarh lend a new meaning to the handicrafts of Chhattisgarh. The tribals of Chhattisgarh engage in this art and make cotton fabrics from a thread known as the kosa thread. They are hand-woven and hand-printed by the tribes. Hand-printing is done with a vegetable dye called aal.

So we can rightly say that the tribal groups hold a lion's share in the handicrafts of Chhattisgarh.

Last Updated On: 2011/07/01

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