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Geography of Delhi

The Union Territory of Delhi is situated at an altitude of 213- 305 m over the sea level in the center of the great North Indian plain. It is an UT, is the capital of India, and it is located in north India. Delhi lies between 28 degrees 61'N and 77 degrees 23'E in the northern India. It is situated completely in the Gangetic plains. Delhi is spread out over an area of about 1483 square km. Out of this 1483 sq km, 783 sq km is demarcated as the rural and the remaining 700 sq km is urban. The territory of Delhi comprises three local bodies or statutory towns. They are Municipal Corporation of Delhi, New Delhi Municipal Committee and Delhi Cantonment Board. The city of Delhi is bordered by Uttar Pradesh on the east, and Haryana on the west, north and south.

The Yamuna flows by Delhi, passing through the eastern part of New Delhi. Towards the south of New Delhi are situated the great plains of north India. The geography of Delhi can be physically divided into three segments: the ridge, the Yamuna flood plain and the plain.

The maximum area of Delhi is plain and here are situated New Delhi, Delhi and Delhi Cantonment, along with a number of villages. The land on the Yamuna flood plains is characterized by fertile alluvial soil, which is suited for agriculture. The Delhi ridge, the most dominating feature of Delhi's physiography, originates from the Aravalli range, and passes through west, northwest and northeast parts of the capital. There are five community development blocks in Delhi, which comprises of 209 villages. Out of them 199 are inhabited, while the remaining 10 are not.

The geography of Delhi is characterized by semi-arid climate, and its weather fluctuates between extremes of hot and cold. The scorching summer months range from April to June, which is followed by monsoon months of July, August and September.

In the height of heat, the temperature touches near about 45 degree centigrade now and then. During October-November, Delhi witnesses pleasant autumn, which is followed by harsh winters in December. Winters last from December-January, followed by the pleasant spring of February-March. Winters of Delhi are also accompanied by infrequent rains, which can be quite dampening to the spirit.

Last Updated On: 2011/06/30