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Geography of Goa

Goa is a small state on the west coast of India. The sun-drenched beaches of Goa, caressed by the azure blue waters of the Arabian Sea, make it a favourite tourist locale among the inbound and domestic tourists.

The geography of Goa lies between 15degrees, 48'00"N and 14 degrees, 53'54" N latitudes, and 74 degrees, 20'13"E and 73 degrees 40'33"E longitudes. The height of Goa is 1022 meters above sea level. The total land area of the state of Goa is spread across 3702 sq kilometers and the state or the state of mind has an impressive coastline that extends to 105 kilometers. Goa shares its borders with Karnataka in south and east and Maharashtra in the north. On the west of the state is the Arabian Sea. The city of Panaji is the capital of Goa.

The Zuari and Mandovi are the two primary rivers of the state of Goa. Both of them merge into the Arabian Sea. The Tiracol, Chapora, Sal and the Talpone are the other important rivers, which rinse through the geography of Goa. Sahyadri is the original source of all rivers and all of them flow towards west and meet the Arabian Sea. Overall 250 kms of waterways are used in Goa as inland waterways as all the rivers are navigable throughout the year.

One third of Goa's area is covered by forests. Since the size of the state is small it is well connected with roads, both locally and nationally, via the National Highways. Total 224 kilometers of National Highways, and 232 kilometers of state highways are built in the state.

Goa gets maximum rains during the month of June to September from south-west monsoon winds. Average rainfall is around 3000 mm. Months of June to September are off season months for tourists. Winter temperatures ranges from 21 to 26 degree centigrades and in summers, temperature may reach up to 35 degree centigrade.

Aracanut, paddy, cashew, millets and sugarcane constitute the major agricultural crops of the state, whereas iron ore, limestone, bauxite, manganese ore and silica are the major mineral produces of Goa.

Last Updated On: 2011/07/01