Spread across an area of 196,024 sq km, Gujarat, the westernmost state of India, shares its borders with Pakistan in the north, and the Indian states of Rajasthan in the north-east, Madhya Pradesh to the east, Maharashtra and the union territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli to the south and the south east. The west and south-west of Gujarat is washed by the Arabian Sea. Gandhinagar is the Capital of Gujarat and it is situated near the most important city of Gujarat, Ahmedabad. Ahmedabad also happens to be the commercial center of Gujarat. Vadodara, Jamnagar, Surat and Rajkot are other important cities of Gujarat.
Most parts of the state are low lying, having very diverse climatic conditions. The winters are mild, pleasant and quite dry with the average daytime temperatures frequently crossing 83oF i.e. 29o C and the nights hovering around 53o F i.e. 12o C. Most of the winters in Gujarat are characterized by sunny days and clear nights.
The geography of Gujarat are characterized by extremely dry summers, with day temperature frequently crossing 105o F i.e. 41o C. Even at night it is not lower than 85o F i.e. 29o C. Just before the onset of monsoon, the temperature is more or less the same like summers, but the percentage of humidity is high in the air, because of which you will perspire. During mid-June with the commencing of the monsoon season, the temperature drops, much to the relief of the people. But as Gujarat is a predominantly dry state, relief is low in most parts of the state. However, there are situations when severe rainfall causes flash floods, which makes life difficult for people in Gujarat. The sight of the sun all through during the rainy season is rare in south Gujarat. Here it deserves a mention that north-western Gujarat, which has a climate that borders on being desertic, doesn't receive much rainfall.
The geography of Gujarat is rinsed by some mighty rivers. They are Narmada, Sabarmati, Tapi and Purna. Sardar Sarovar Project is the most ambitious dam project in Gujarat. Some of the major dams in the state are built on the Narmada, Tapi, Damanganga and Sabarmati. Other dams built in the state are Dantiwada-Sipu Dams, Indrasee, Hatmati, Wanakbori, etc. The geography of Gujarat is endowed with 1600 km long coastline; the longest coastline in India.
Gujarat's geography also has a number of national parks and sanctuaries. Nearly all of the national parks house some of the most endangered species such as lions, blackbuck, etc. Some of the important national parks of the state are Gir Forest National Park, Blackbuck National Park, Vansda National Park and Marine National Park. Gir Forest National Park is the only habitat of the Asiatic Lions.
Last Updated On: 2011/07/04