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Politics of Gujarat

In January 1960, the modern state of Gujarat took its birth. It was constituted with 17 northern districts from the erstwhile state of Bombay. These districts underwent further subdivision. Presently, the state of Gujarat comprises of 25 administrative districts.

The fulcrum of politics of Gujarat is the legislative assembly, which comprises of 182 members. The MLAs are elected from 182 different constituencies by the electorates, of which seats in 13 constituencies are reserved for scheduled castes and 26 constituencies are reserved for scheduled tribes. The administration is led by the Chief Minister, who is either the leader of the majority party or the ruling coalition in the legislature assembly.

The politics of Gujarat can be summed as the tale of two great men, and two big parties. During 1960-1975, Indian National Congress did held political power in Gujarat, and governed the state. However, during and after the state of emergency, which extended its oppressive regime across the country from 1975 to 1977, the public support for the Congress showed signs of depletion. However, still Indian National Congress continued to had its governments till 1995.

The fulcrum of politics of Gujarat is the legislative assembly, which comprises of 182 members. The MLAs are elected from 182 different constituencies by the electorates, of which seats in 13 constituencies are reserved for scheduled castes and 26 constituencies are reserved for scheduled tribes. The administration is led by the Chief Minister, who is either the leader of the majority party or the ruling coalition in the legislature assembly.

The politics of Gujarat can be summed as the tale of two great men, and two big parties. During 1960-1975, Indian National Congress did held political power in Gujarat, and governed the state. However, during and after the state of emergency, which extended its oppressive regime across the country from 1975 to 1977, the public support for the Congress showed signs of depletion. However, still Indian National Congress continued to had its governments till 1995.

However, it shouldn't be forgotten that the land of Gujarat has a pluralistic, deep-rooted and rich political legacy, which is enriched by the political giants like Gandhi and Sardar Vallabhai Patel. The former was the chief crusader of the Indian freedom struggle, and the later was instrumental in integrating the Indian Union. The Sardar was also the first Home Minister of India. Gujarat has been the venue of historical Dandi March, which dealt a severe blow to the imperialistic policies of the British empire. They were two great men of Gujarat, whose stature cannot be confined within the narrow and vote-bank induced political parameters of either Indian National Congress or BJP.

Last Updated On: 2011/07/04

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