Himachal Pradesh is a land of diverse cultures, which is manifested in the number of languages that are spoken in the state. Languages of Himachal Pradesh are many. Though Hindi is the official language of the state, but there are many other languages that are spoken in the state. Among them the prime languages of Himachal Pradesh are the Punjabi and Pahari, Dogri and Kangri. Gujarathi is also spoken in the western parts of the state.
Pahari is one of the most common and most spoken languages of Himachal Pradesh. It is derived from the ancient Indian language of Sanskrit. Nearly all the basic words in the language are taken from Sanskrit. Many of the words are also taken from another ancient language of Prakrit. Due to the settlement of many different types of tribes, different tribal languages have also flourished in the state. The languages may also differ from region to region. There are many other regional languages like Kinnauri, Lahauli, Chambyali, Pangwali, which are spoken in the state.
Hindi is the official language of India and is also the official language of the state of Himachal Pradesh. Derived from the ancient Indian language of Sanskrit, this language is the most spoken language in the country.
Punjabi is a language that traces its roots to the Indo-Aryan languages, and is spoken mainly by the Punjabi community in India and Pakistan and all around the world. In Himachal Pradesh also Punjabi is being spoken, and the credit goes to the Punjabi speaking tribal people who went on to inhabit the central and western parts of the state.
The Pahari language is basically spoken in the hilly regions of northern India. There are a number of different types of dialects that come under this language. The Pahari language or the Pahari languages as they are known, is a group of similar dialects that are spoken at the foothills of the Himalayan ranges, in the northern parts of India and Nepal. The Pahari languages are classified under central Pahari, eastern Pahari and western Pahari. The language has one more classification known as Garhwali. Languages like Dogri and Gaddi are classified as Garhwali.
The following is a list of languages that are spoken in the state of Himachal Pradesh.
However, many of the languages spoken in various parts of the state are very similar to each other, and have very small differences in them.
Last Updated On: 2011/07/06