India Overview is a great way to get an insight into the various significant aspects of the country and indfy.com is here for you. With a rich legacy behind it, India is more than a nation with an ancient civilization and that is what exactly we wish to offer to you, an India Overview.
India is a modern nation with a five-millennia-old ancient civilization that has withstood the ravages of time. Its land area extends across 3.28 million sq kilometers, making it the seventh largest nation in the world, but it is much more than a mere large nation. With a 5,000 year old culture, a multitude of languages, a confluence of religions and diverse communities of over a billion people living together in unity, India is more than just a land mass. It is a value system; a rich cultural tapestry, whose edifice is built upon pluralism and diversity.
Over the course of many centuries, India had been invaded by a wide variety of cross-cultural traits of different civilizations, which has eventually shaped its rich and pluralistic socio-cultural mosaic. India is not only a secular state, but also a secular society, which provides people of every faith not only the freedom, but also the space to practice their beliefs. Its pluralistic character in fact has contributed to its survival and growth as the world's most populous democracy, amidst a neighborhood of military coups and dictatorships.
India Overview mentions that lately India is also emerging as one of the world's emerging knowledge economies, and its popular image before the west has recently undergone a sea change. Once perceived as the land of magical ‘sadhus’ and snake charmers, today India is fast emerging as the prime source of human resource to sustain the IT revolution, spearheading the global economy. India is a country with a great past...and a great future too!
Geographically, India occupies a central position in South Asia. Sharing its borders with Pakistan, Afghanistan (in the north-west), China, Bhutan and Nepal (in the north), Myanmar and Bangladesh (in the east). India extends from the snow-clad Himalayas in the north to the blue waters of the Indian Ocean in the south, and from the desert sands of Rajasthan in the west, to the dense forests of Arunachal Pradesh in the east.
The southwest of India is rinsed by the Arabian Sea, whereas in the southeast of India there is Bay of Bengal. With immense natural beauty and an amazing architectural heritage, India's geographic and cultural riches are a must-see for every traveler.
Whether you travel to India on business, leisure or pleasure, you'll find there's a lot to see and do in India. As a tourist destination, India Travel Guide offers a bewilderingly vast array of tourist options to see and explore that can cater to a diverse tourist profile. From heritage sites to adventure tours, from mountaineering to water sports, and from cultural attractions to wildlife encounters, you're sure to find a slice of India within you.
The heritage of India is incredibly rich and varied. India's living heritage can be seen in the form of architecture, cultural traditions, and exquisite arts and crafts. The plethora of monuments, forts, palaces, temples, mosques, churches and mausoleums seen across India, reflect the richness and artistry of Indian craftsmen through the ages. They include several UNESCO World Heritage Sites. According to the General Information India, the rock cut caves at Ajanta and Ellora, the Sun Temple at Konark, the Khajuraho Temples, the temples of Mahabalipuram and Hampi, the Buddhist structures at Sanchi and Bodhgaya, and the one and only Taj Mahal in Agra, are all recognized as unique heritage treasure troves that India offers to the world to see and wonder upon. Moreover, the vibrant cultural traditions of India, such as its colorful festivals and wedding ceremonies, provide an esoteric socio-cultural linkage between the past and the present and are popular tourist attractions in themselves. India's arts and crafts such as weaving, sculpture, painting, and carving are a part of our living heritage and display the versatility and skill of the traditional artisans of India. Viewers worldwide have recognized the traditions of Indian classical music and dance, which are sublime expressions of Indian perennial culture.
India Online Overview mentions that India is the source of many of the world's religions. Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism have originated in India, and have attracted followers around the world. Besides these, the pluralistic socio-cultural heritage of India has embraced Christianity, Islam, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, and many more religious faiths, which have their roots outside the Indian soil. Tourists from all over the world come to India on pilgrimage tours or to study the spiritual facets of different religions. Ancient well being and medical systems like Yoga and Ayurveda, which are very much germane to India, have also gained followers around the world. They are thronging to India to get the much-needed relief from their age-old ailments through Yoga and Ayurveda, for which conventional medicine don't have any answer. This healthy trend is accentuating India's emergence as a hub for medical tourism in the process.
The landscape of the Indian subcontinent offers an amazing series of contrasts. For lovers of the mountains, the towering Himalayas in the north, and the verdant hills of the Western and Eastern Ghats in south India, offer beautiful locales for mountaineering and trekking. For beach and water sports enthusiasts, India's long coastline offers many idyllic palm-fringed beaches. The sun-kissed beaches in Goa and Kerala are world famous, and there are many lesser-known but beautiful beaches on the coasts of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal. The island groups of Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar are also home to many pristine beaches. From sandy beaches to sand dunes, a traveler can find plenty of both in India. The Thar desert in Rajasthan offers views of undulating sand dunes stretching as far as the eye can see, an ethereal sight which is most enjoyed on a camel safari. In contrast are the thick jungles and tropical vegetation of the forests of India. Precious natural resources, India's forests are home to many species of rare and exotic flora and fauna.
India's rich biodiversity and its varied geography, from the snow-covered Himalayas to the coral islands of the Indian Ocean, provide many rare species their unique natural habitat. From large mammals such as elephants, tigers and rhinoceros to dugongs and sharks, India's wildlife treasures are a treat for wildlife tours lovers. The various species of birds and vegetation seen in the national parks of India are sure to delight a nature enthusiast. Five of India's National Parks - Kaziranga, Manas, Keoladeo, Sundarbans and Nanda Devi- have been declared UNESCO World Heritage sites because of their ecological richness.
From cosmopolitan cities to quaint wildlife sanctuaries infused with the fragrance of adventure, from heritage destinations to exotic sea beaches... India in a nutshell is an exciting tourist destination with lots to offer for every visitor. India For You invites you to explore India and gives you a preview of the wonders that awaits you in India.
General Information India according to the various diversities:
India is located in the continent of Asia on the Indian Plate and occupies most of the Indian sub-continent. India has diverse geographical features and the southern part of the country forms a peninsula. The Bay of Bengal on the east, the Indian Ocean on the south and the Arabian Sea on the west bound the country.
The history of ancient India can be traced back to that time in the Indus Valley Civilization that is identified as the Mature Harappan Period, which existed between 2600-1900 BCE. The Bronze Age and the Iron Vedic Age, which subsequently saw the rise of major habitation pockets and was followed by great empires, followed this gradually. In the 6th century BCE Gautama Buddha and Mahavira (the founders of Buddhism and Jainism respectively) were born in the Indian subcontinent.
The history of medieval India constitutes mostly of the Chola dynasty of the southern India. The Cholas were a Dravidian race of kings and ruled from 900-1100 AD. The Cholas replaces the Pallava dynasty to take the rein of the south India provinces. The Chola dynasty declined by the middle of the 12th century and it is about the same time that the Islamic rulers forayed into the Indian soil.
The history of modern India begins with the coming of the British. The British Rule in India lasted between 1858 and 1947. The British though came as a trading company- East India Company, slowly encroached into the administration gradually appointing Viceroys and Governor Generals who ruled the country as deputies of the Queen of England. The last Governor General of British India was Lord Mountbatten.
India is past its days of elegant imperialism, which were followed by the colonial rule of the British. The India of the 21st century is more a story of tube rails and pizza huts that anything else. The Indian cities are epitomes of duality. Snazzy pubs and striking skyscrapers jostle here along with auto rickshaws and dubbawallas as much as the skimpy spaghetti and denim fight for place with the traditional drape- the saree.
The Indian Republic is divided into 28 states and 7 union territories. The states of India were earlier arbitrarily divided by the British but after 1956 the Indian Parliament took care to divide the states of India on the basis of ethnic and linguistic divide. Three states were added to the Indian republic in the year 2000. These are Uttarakhand, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand.
Tourism in India is quite a hot cake and earns the country sizeable revenue. From beach resorts like Goa to mountain resorts on the Himalayas and historical sites like Taj Mahal and Nalanda or the temples of Khajuraho- name it and you have it. The best sports for historical tourism in India are Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Bihar. The best places to go for beaches are Kerala, Goa, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep.
India is the largest democracy in the globe and functions through a bi-parliamentary system. The Indian Republic is divided into several states which have their own state assemblies some of which have two houses and some one. The two houses of the Indian Parliament are called the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha. The Prime Minister is the head of the central cabinet of ministers and the government while the President is a ceremonial head of state.
The communication system in India had its foundation with emperor Sher Shah who built the first highway- the Grand Trunk Road to join Delhi and Kolkata by road. Communications in India are mostly taken care of by its train and bus services. India boasts of one of the largest railway networks on the globe. The country is connected through its entire length and breadth by trains. The road network here is also very good and the south Indian states possess remarkable government run bus services.
With several thousand years at its back, the Indian culture can easily boast being one of the oldest and thereby richest cultures that exists in the world. The Indian culture is mostly about following tradition, about loud and colorful celebration of festivals, about going to the UK and US for higher studies and also about a sound study and practice of music both classical and of folk origin.
The Indian economy is the twelfth largest in the world if measured in terms of USD. It has a GDP of US $1.50 trillion (2008) and a GDP growth rate of 9.4% for the fiscal year 2006–2007. However, India has a huge population which has a per capita income of $4,542 at PPP and $1,089 in nominal terms (2007 estimate).
Education in India has its roots in the ancient study of the scriptures and Vedas by the priestly class. The Nalanda University in Patliputra (now Bihar) was in fact the first significant seat of higher education in India and saw a large number of foreign students. Western education came into India with the British and now Indian education follows a neat structure beginning from the first standard up to standard four in the primary school.
Sanskrit counts among the oldest languages in the world and naturally some of the earliest literature on the globe were composed in Sanskrit in the Indian soil. The epic was the form of literature most favored in Sanskrit. The Ramayana, Mahabharata, Meghdoot, Kumarasambhabam, Mrichchhakatikam are some of the most well known works in Sanskrit.
Last Updated On: 2011/07/01