Jharkhand is the 28th State of the Indian Union. It was constituted on 15 November 2000, through Bihar Reorganization Act. Initially, the land area of Jharkhand was part of Bihar, but almost a century-old movement for a separate state of Jharkhand gained momentum in the nineties, which snowballed into materializing the reality of the newest state in the Indian Union.
Ranchi is the capital of Jharkand, and Dhanbad, Jamsedhpur and Bokaro are its other important cities. The mines are abundant in the Dhanbad city; Jamshedpur and Bokaro comprise the industrial belt; Chhotanagpur is rich in minerals; and exotic wildlife is found in Hazaribagh..Though Jharkhand is a new state, but the land has a long history. Though recorded history of Jharkhand can be traced back from1765, but before that the land was ruled by the Moghuls.
Then the Jharkhand area was known as Kukara. However, even before the advent of the Moghuls, reference of Jharkhand can be found in legends and folklore. Legend has it that in the thirteenth century, Raja Jai Singh Deo of Orissa was accepted as the ruler of this land, by the people of Jharkhand.
The geography of Jharkhand is spread across 79,714 square kilometers, and out of this, about 29 percent of Jharkhand's area is covered by forests and woodlands, which gives the state a green look, and conserves an impressive array of wildlife population. The state is abundantly rich in iron ore, coal, mica, limestone, manganese, copper ore, bauxite, graphite, kainite, etc. It has 40 percent of the mineral reserves of the country. No wonder, this mineral-rich state has great economic potential. Though at present it is a rich state inhabited by the majority of poor people, with per capita annual income being a dismal $90, but such a situation can drastically change for the better, if only economic policies of the state manage to tap a fraction of the state's huge potential in the manufacturing sector.
Presently, the state has the first private sector owned steel plant in the country (Tata Steel Plant) and also the Asia's largest steel plant, that is Bokaro Steel Plant. However, despite being a mineral-rich state, about 80 percent of the labour force of Jharkhand is employed in agriculture. Agriculture plays a major role in the business and economy of Jharkhand.
This environmentally friendly state has lots of tourism potential. Whether you like pristine nature or the thrill of adventure, whether you are on a religious introspection, or health rejuvenation, Jharkhand can enchant your senses. Tourism in Jharkhand can present you with a wide range of fascinating options to explore upon.
About 28 percent of the population of Jharkhand comprises of tribals. The state is home to a rich and exotic variety of tribal life, and these varied tribes have their unique cultural expressions, which doesn't fail to fascinate our city-bred and conditioned senses. Their folk dances, artworks and festivities reflect undiluted exuberance and a primeval life-force, which is at once enigmatic and enchanting. Chhou dance and Paitkar paintings are the singular expressions of dances of Jharkhand and the handicrafts of Jharkhand respectively. Overall, the culture of Jharkhand is diverse and rich, and this richness is also reflected in the costumes of Jharkhand.
However, the cultural plurality of Jharkhand is reflected not only in its animated music, dances, arts and crafts, and tourist locales, but also in its cuisines. The cuisines of Jharkhand can cater to an assorted range of discerning palates, and take you through a gastronomic trip of sorts.
Though English and Hindi are the major languages in the educated and non-tribal communities of the state, in the less educated and tribal communities, Angika, Korku, Mundari, Korwa, Paharia, etc. are spoken. The spoken languages of Jharkhand can be demarcated into three broad groups; Indo-Aryan languages, Munda languages and Dravidian languages. Bengali is spoken by a fair percentage of the population of Jharkhand.
The state has a vibrant sports culture, with MS Dhoni as its poster-boy. Moreover, the sports of Jharkhand have a rural base, and the state's rural sports program gives its rural sporting talents effective platforms to showcase their skills and find national level recognition. Though the politics of Jharkhand is plagued by Naxalite insurgency operations at present, but still the state, under the leadership of its present Chief Minister Madhu Koda, is showing promising prospects towards all-round progress. This climate of progress and its associated pitfalls are scrupulously monitored by the vigilant media of Jharkhand.
Last Updated On: 2011/07/06