The ancient town of Bijapur lies around 530 km from the north-west of Bangalore. It was the capital of Adil Shahi dynasty. Belgaum is the gateway of Karnataka from Goa and Mumbai, which is close to Bijapur. Bijapur holds a unique historical, cultural and architectural identity.
Bijapur reached its glory during the time of Kalyani Chalukyas, between the tenth and eleventh centuries. Earlier the city was known as Vijaypure i.e. the City of Victory. Allaudin khilji captured Bijapur by the end of the 13th century. Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb eventually usurped the Adil Shahi throne in 1686. The ancient mosques, mausoleums, palaces and forts of Bijapur are the witness to the splendour of this former capital of the Adil Shahi kings.
The Gol Gumbaz is an architectural marvel of Bijapur. The dome of Gol Gumbaz is 124 feet in diameter. There are four staircases, which lead to the top dome. The whispering gallery of Gumbaz can make you hear a smallest sound of clap or whisper on the other side of Gombaz. It is an ideal stereophonic stage, where the smallest sound amplifies. Sounds from one end of the dome can be clearly heard on its diagonally opposite side. At a circular balcony on the periphery of the dome, visitors can experience an echo of a sound about 9-11 times.
Jumma Masjid is the other appealing heritage of the Bijapur. It has been known as one of the earliest mosques of India. It has a fine gold written copy of Quran. It is the largest mosque of this region. Barah Cummon is a wonderful architecture, which is used as the center for art festivals. This has twelve interleaving arches. The Malik-e-Maidan is the largest medieval cannon in the world. It is about 14 feet long, weighing 55 tons. It is believed that, a wish will come true if you touch the gun and make a wish. The Mehtar Mahal, the Jod Gumbaz, Afzal Khan's Cenotaph Ark-killa, Anand Mahal and Asar Mahar are worth visiting during your Bijapur travel.
The Ibrahim Roza tomb is an attractive tomb. Richly decorated walls and perforated stone windows endorse the beauty of the tomb. It is said the tomb was constructed with the inspiration of Taj Mahal of Agra.
Aihole is the temple city, located 110 km from Bijapur. The city has around 125 temples. Fifth century Lad Khan Temple is the oldest temple of the city. The Hutchmalli Temple, the Ravalphadi Cave Temple, the Konti Temple Complex, the Uma Maheshwari Temple, the Jain Meguthi Temple and the Buddhist Temple are some worth visiting temples of the city.
Pattadakal is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, located at a distance of 134 km from Bijapur city. The 10 main temples of Pattadakal represent Chalukyan architectural style. Virupaksheshvara is the biggest temple of the city. Badami is about 120 km from Bijapur. It was the capital of Chalukya dynasty. It is situated at the opening of a ravine, between two hills. The Bhutanatha temple and Museum are the main attraction of Badami. Basavana Bagewadi and Kudalasangama are other nearby places worth visiting.
Bijapur is well-connected to Belgaum, Bangalore and Goa. Belgaum is the nearest airport, which is 205 km away. Bijapur is well-known for its hand woven Ilkal sarees. Mughlai and Hyderabadi delicacies are the real attractions of the restaurants of Bijapur. September to February is the best time to visit Bijapur.
Last Updated On: 2011/07/12