Punjab- the land of five rivers- has been the chief food grain producer of India. Spread across 50,362 sq km, the state is located in the north-west part of India, sharing its borders with Pakistan, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan. The agriculturally rich land of Punjab is rinsed by five rivers -Zhelam, Raavi, Chenab, Satluj and Beas. These water bodies gave the state its name, and its enterprising people gave it its fame of being the 'Granary of India.' Punjab is among the few prosperous states of India, where agriculture and industry have both made significant strides.
The geography of Punjab also played its role in the state's prosperity; most of the Punjab lies in a fertile plain, and only towards the southeast one can come across semi-arid and desert landscape. However, Punjab is not only about green revolution and entrepreneurship spirit, which have helped it to earn the distinction of having the highest per capita income in India. It is as a much a state of agriculture as it is of culture.
The history of Punjab has witnessed several cross-cultural influences, which have helped to shape up its cultural mosaic. The state's pluralistic cultural legacy is not only manifested through its various exuberant festivities -Baisakhi being the chief among them- and historic attractions, but also through its rich body of music and literature.
Last Updated On: 2011/07/07