Allahabad is the largest city of the Uttar Pradesh and this attractive and historic place lies in the southern region of the state, on the confluence of the mighty Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati rivers. The meeting point of these three rivers is known as Prayag; due to this Allahabad was once known as the city of Prayagraj. Allahabad was bestowed its name by the great Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1583, and this name originates from the word 'Allah'; it literally means the Place of God. Allahabad has India's most sacred places. The prestigious Maha Kumbh Mela of Allahabad is an event that is regarded very sacred among visiting pilgrims. This colossal mela (fair) is held only once in twelve years, so if you miss out on this event you will have to wait for more than a decade to witness this vast and colourful exuberant religious gathering. An Allahabad travel venture will allow you to explore and understand the diverse yet colourful religious sentiments of India.
The roots of the Kumbh Mela are believed to be in existence since the beginning of mankind and civilization. Mythological beliefs stress that in the search of Amrit - nectar that was able to bestow immortality- the Gods and the Demons churned the oceans. A struggle between Gods and Demons started as soon as a pitcher containing Amrit was retrieved. During the struggle, drops of the nectar for immortality fell in the four places of Ujjain, Haridwar, Nashik and Allahabad; hence, the Kumbh Mela takes place at these four holy places. From that time, based on astrological movement of stars and planets, Kumbh Mela is held at these four places. Certain planetary positions are considered to be most auspicious occasions for such events. The bathing at Prayag during Maha Kumbh Mela is considered to be very sacred. Magh Mela, Kumbh Mela, Ardh Kumbh Mela, Deshehra are the festivals celebrated at Allahabad with high enthusiasm and zest.
Besides this, Allahabad has distinct place in the Indian history. During the reign of the Mughals, Allahabad had prime importance after Delhi. The Mughal Emperor Akbar built one of the largest forts in India on the banks of Prayag. After Mughals, the city has experienced the power of Maratha. Marathas gave the city two beautiful eighteenth century temples.
We can see the British impact on the city from Muir College and the Saint Cathedral. The city was centre for the freedom movement against British rule. Non-violence movement of Mahatma Gandhi was started from the Allahabad city only. All Indians are very proud of Allahabad because this city has given the largest number of prime ministers after independence. Out of 15 prime ministers, 8 were from Allahabad itself.
You will come across several temples during your Allahabad travel expedition. These are Patalpur Temple, Hanuman Mandir, Nag Basuki Temple, Mankameshwar Temple, Shankar Viman Mandap, Bharadwaj Ashram, and Beni Madhav Temple. All Saints' Cathedral, Holy Trinity Church, Jamuna Church and St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Cathedral are famous churches of Allahabad.
Allahabad Fort is a massive fort built by emperor Akbar. Anand Bhawan and Swaraj Bhawan were the ancestral homes of Nehru family, donated to the government by Indira Gandhi. Anand Bhavan was the centre for freedom struggle, now turned into a museum. Swaraj Bhawan was used as headquarters of congress committee. Beside all these places, there are many more places that you can visit during your Allahabad travel.
Allahabad city experiences hot weather in summer and remains very cold during winter, because it is near to the Himalayas. Winter starts from October and lasts until March, when temperature could be 5 - 15 degree Celsius. But this is the best period, if you want to plan an Allahabad travel expedition.
Last Updated On: 2011/07/16