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Religious Tours of West Bengal

West Bengal is the place of various great civilizations. However, due to insufficient structural records of kingdoms, the scope of information is very limited. The climate and the nature of soil encourage agricultural growth. However, man is responsible for demolishing ancient cities and temples. During religious tours of West Bengal, you will get an idea about the cultural heritage of the state.

Bankura and Burdwan district holds a number of ruins of temples. The Bhanja rulers at the Khiching in Mayurbhanj of 11th and 12th century built these temples, in the Orissan architectural style. The Siddheshwara temple at Behulara town of Bankura district is most intricate temple built in the 10th and 11th century by the Para Kings. Other temples of Bankura districts are at Vishnupur. Vishnupur is famous for its terracotta style temples and horses. These temples were built in the days of Malla Rajas. These Rajas are known for their encouragement for temple building. These places must be included in your religious tours of West Bengal.

The Shyam Rai and the Madan Gopal are the temples of 17th century, which built in the brick and laterite respectively. The both temples are having five towers in the panchayatana type. The outer sides of these temples are decorated with bricks, with the square panel's terracotta reliefs.

The Jor-bangla is a double temple structure, which looks like two-thatched hut joined and conquered by a single tower. The Krishnarayan temple of Vishnupur and the Chaitanya temples of Mayapur of Hoogly district are distinct examples of this type. A single hall, called as thakurbari is the main feature of these temples. The vedi or altar is there on one side of thakarbari along with an upper gallery around it.

The Hindu-Buddhist movements are responsible for the enormous monasteries in the Gangetic region. The excavation at Fliharpur in Rajshahit discovered the ruins of these monasteries. This region is now in Bangladesh. This is also called Vihara, which is the structure of 8th century by the Pala ruler of Dharampala. It is believed that followers of Hindu, Jain and Buddhist creeds thronged to this monument. The terracotta statue on the outer side of the terrace depicts in bas-relief the mythology and folklore associated with three religions.

Lakhnaut, the ruin near Malda was the headquarter of an important school of architecture of the Pala and Sena dynasties. It was the capital of the Sena rulers. The temples were constructed in the black basalt. The Muslim despoiled this flamboyant structure in 1197 and used as their capital at Gaur. Numerous ruins of mosques are still available at Malda. These mosques are incorporated with the stone sculptures similar to that of Manabodhi temples of Bodhi Gaya. The Adina mosque at Gaur looks like Vishnu temple of the 11th and 12th century in the molten metal. The mosque of Zafar Khan Ghazi at Tribeni of Hooghly district is the one of the important mosques in your religious tours of West Bengal. The two sections of this mosque are look like antarala and mandapa of a Vishnu temple.

The Kalighat temple in the Kalighat region of south Kolkata is dedicated to the Goddess Kali. This is one of the oldest temples of Kolkata. The Belur temple is another beautiful temple which must be included in the religious tours of West Bengal. The temple is just four miles from the Howrah. The Vishnu Temple of Bansberia is another remarkable temple of state. Badridas Temple Street of Kolkata houses four Jain temples of the 19th century. These temples are dedicated to the 10th of 24 Jain Tirthankaras, Shree Sheetalnathji.

Overall the religious tours of West Bengal provide for a rich, introspective experience.

Last Updated On: 2011/07/12

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